List of Insects and Mites Attacking Crops in Micronesia

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Note: This list was originally compiled by Donald Nafus & Ilse Schreiner, University of Guam; Converted to HTML by Aubrey Moore & Anthony Tudela, Northern Marianas College, Saipan.

List of insects and mites attacking crops in the Caroline (Belau-B, Yap-Y, Truk-T, Pohnpei-Po, Kosrae-K) and Mariana Islands (Guam-G, Saipan-S, Rota-R, and Commonwealth of Northern Marianas-C). New island records are indicated by n. Y indicates confirmation of a species previously reported as maybe present or needs verification. A ? indicates that the species may be there but its presence has not been verified with absolute certainty.

Contents

Agave (Agave sisalana)

  • oriental scale (Aonidiella orientalis (Newstead)) Homoptera: Diaspididae Y=x M=x
  • grey pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus neobrevipes Beardsley) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae M=x

    Avocado (Persea americana)

  • weevil (Trigonops sp. ) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • phytorus leaf beetle (Phytorus lineolatus Weise) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=x
  • tea shot-hole borer (Xyleborus fornicatus Eichhoff) Coleoptera: Scolytidae B=x Y=x P=x
  • melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett) Diptera: Tephritidae M=x
  • palm scale (Hemiberlesia palmae (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=Y P=x K=x M=x
  • florida wax scale (Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x P=x M=x
  • long brown scale (Coccus longulus (Douglas)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x M=x
  • tessellated scale (Eucalymnatus tessellatus (Signoret)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n T=x P=x K=x
  • latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • long-tailed mealybug (Pseudococcus longispinus (Targioni-Tozzetti)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=?
  • seychelles scale (Icerya seychellarum (Westwood)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=? Y=x
  • scale (Aspidiotus spinosus Comstock) Homoptera: Diaspididae Y=x
  • egyptian fluted scale (Icerya aegyptiaca (Douglas)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • redbanded thrips (Selenothrips rubrocinctus (Giard)) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=n Y=n T=n P=x? M=x

    Bamboo (Bambusa)

  • chafer beetle (Anomala sulcatula Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae M=x
  • bamboo longhorn (Chlorophorus annularis (F.)) Coleoptera: Cerambycidae M=x
  • mirid (Pseudoloxops bifasciatus (Usinger)) Hemiptera: Miridae M=RG
  • bamboo scale (Asterolecanium robustum Green) Homoptera: Asterolecaniidae B=x P=x M=G
  • bamboo scale (Asterolecanium bambusae (Boisduval)) Homoptera: Asterolecaniidae B=x T=n M=x
  • bamboo scale (Asterolecanium pseudomiliaris Green) Homoptera: Asterolecaniidae P=x M=G
  • bamboo scale (Asterolecanium pseudolanceolatum Takahashi) Homoptera: Asterolecaniidae P=?
  • bamboo scale (Asterolecanium coronatum Green) Homoptera: Asterolecaniidae B=x
  • bamboo scale (Asterolecanium miliaris (Boisduval)) Homoptera: Asterolecaniidae B=x P=x M=x

    Banana (Musa)

  • <A HREF="rosebeetle.pdf">chinese rose beetle</A> (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x M=x
  • weevil (Trigonops sp. ) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • banana root borer (Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae P=n M=x
  • banana corm weevil (Polytus mellerborgi (Boheman)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae M=x
  • leaf-footed plant bug (Leptoglossus australis (F.)) Hemiptera: Coreidae B=x P=x M=x
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • scale (Aspidiotus excisus Green) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=C
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • erect-winged blue plant hopper (Proutista moesta (Westwood)) Homoptera: Derbidae B=x P=n M=x
  • derbid planthopper (Lamenia caliginea Stål) Homoptera: Derbidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • black thread scale (Ischnaspis longirostris (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=G
  • mealybug (Pseudococcus microadonidum Beardsley) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=x P=x
  • orchid mealybug (Pseudococcus orchidicola Takahashi) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=x K=x M=C
  • egyptian fluted scale (Icerya aegyptiaca (Douglas)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • boisduval scale (Diaspis boisduvalii Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x
  • hemispherical scale (Saissetia coffeae (Walker)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • dictyospermum scale (Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (Morgan)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x T=x M=x
  • tessellated scale (Eucalymnatus tessellatus (Signoret)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n T=x P=x K=x
  • grey pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus neobrevipes Beardsley) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae M=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i092.htm">green scale</A> (Coccus viridis (Green)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=n M=x
  • brown soft scale (Coccus hesperidum L.) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • steatococcus scale (Steatococcus samaraius Morrison) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x M=G
  • latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • inornate scale (Aonidiella inornata Mackenzie) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=G
  • california red scale (Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=? T=? M=?
  • banana aphid (Pentalonia nigronervosa Coquerel) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=n M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • banana leafroller (Erionota thrax (L.)) Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae M=x
  • <A HREF="i132.htm">fruit piercing moth</A> (Eudocima (Othreis) fullonia (Clerck)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n P=n K=n M=x
  • large short-horn grasshopper (Valanga excavata Stål) Orthoptera: Acrididae M=x
  • javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis (Burmeister)) Orthoptera: Acrididae B=x Y=x T=x

    Beans (Phaseolus)

    • broad mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks)) Acari: Tarsonemidae M=x
    • spider mite (Tetranychus tumidus) Acari: Tetranychidae M=x
    • leaf beetle (Pagria signata) (Motschulsky) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=G
    • chinese rose beetle (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x M=x
  • bean fly (Ophiomyia phaseoli (Tryon)) Diptera: Agromyzidae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • soybean fly (Melanagromyza sojae (Zehntner)) Diptera: Agromyzidae B=x
  • melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett) Diptera: Tephritidae M=x
  • vegetable leafminer (Liriomyza sativae Blanchard) Diptera: Agromyzidae M=G
  • serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess)) Diptera: Agromyzidae Y=n P=n M=GS?
  • lygeid bug (Nysius pulchellus (Stål)) Hemiptera: Lygaeidae T=x K=x M=x
  • truk bean bug (Lygus trukensis Carvalho) Hemiptera: Miridae T=x
  • black island stink bug (Brachyplatys insularis Ruckes) Hemiptera: Plataspididae B=x Y=n T=x P=n K=n M=x
  • southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • leaf-footed plant bug (Leptoglossus australis (F.)) Hemiptera: Coreidae B=x P=x M=x
  • schield bug (Piezodorus hybneri (Gmelin)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=n? M=x
  • black garden fleahopper (Halticus tibialis Reuter) Hemiptera: Miridae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • black island stink bug (Brachyplatys insularis Ruckes) Hemiptera: Plataspididae B=x Y=n T=x P=n K=n M=x
  • black stink bug (Coptosoma xanthogramma (White)) Hemiptera: Plataspididae K=n M=n
  • green leafhopper (Empoasca pitiensis Metcalf) Homoptera: Cicadellidae M=?
  • eggplant horned planthopper (Leptocentrus taurus (F.)) Homoptera: Membracidae M=x
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • leafhopper (Exitianus capicola (Stål)) Homoptera: Cicadellidae Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • sweetpotato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x P=? M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • green peach aphid (Myzus persicae (Sulzer)) Homoptera: Aphididae M=S
  • <A HREF="i038.htm">cowpea aphid</A> (Aphis craccivora Koch) Homoptera: Aphididae Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • bean pod borer (Maruca testulalis (Geyer)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=n M=x
  • lawn armyworm (Spodoptera mauritia Guenée) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • litchi fruit moth (Cryptophlebia ombrodelta (Lower)) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae B=x M=x
  • lima-bean pod borer (Etiella zinckenella (Treitschke)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae M=x
  • bean leaf-roller (Lamprosema diemenalis (Guenée)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae M=G
  • melia tortricid (Adoxophyes melia Clarke) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae M=x
  • leaf blotch miner moth (Acrocercops sp. ) Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae B=x? T=x? P=x? M=C
  • plume moth (Sphenarches caffer Zeller) Lepidoptera: Pterophoridae M=G
  • sweet potato hawk moth (Agrius convolvuli (L.)) Lepidoptera: Sphingidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • bean butterfly (Lampides boeticus (L.)) Lepidoptera: Lycaenidae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • old world bollworm (Heliothis armigera (Hübner)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • green garden looper (Chrysodeixis chalcites (Esper)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n M=x
  • philippine katydid (Phaneroptera furcifera Stål) Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae P=x M=x
  • melon thrips (Thrips palmi Karny) Thysanoptera: Thripidae Y=n M=G
  • onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=x Y=x M=x ==Bermuda grass (Cynodon) <P>
  • rhodesgrass mealybug (Antonina graminis (Maskell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x T=x M=x
  • grass leaf-folder (Marasmia venilialis (Walker)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae M=G
  • lawn armyworm (Spodoptera mauritia Guenée) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x

    Betel nut, Areca

    <P>

  • <A HREF="i293.htm">new guinea sugarcane weevil</A> (Rhabdoscelus obscurus (Boisduval)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x M=x
  • coconut shot-hole borer (Xyleborus perforans (Wollaston)) Coleoptera: Scolytidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • oriental flower beetle (Protaetia orientalis (Gory & Percheron)) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae M=G
  • coconut weevil (Diocalandra frumenti (F.)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x T=x M=G
  • <A HREF="i227.htm">coconut rhinoceros beetle</A> (Oryctes rhinoceros (L.)) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x
  • armored scale (Lepidosaphes laterochitinosa Green) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=n? P=n? M=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • latania aphid (Cerataphis lataniae (Boisduval)) Homoptera: Aphididae Y=x P=x M=x
  • egyptian fluted scale (Icerya aegyptiaca (Douglas)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • ti scale (Pinnaspis buxi (Bouché)) Homoptera: Diaspididae P=x M=G
  • tessellated scale (Eucalymnatus tessellatus (Signoret)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n T=x P=x K=x
  • pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • palm mealybug (Palmicultor palmarum (Ehrhorn)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x
  • proteus scale (Parlatoria proteus (Curtis)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=G
  • mango soft scale (Coccus mangiferae (Green)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • palm scale (Hemiberlesia palmae (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=Y P=x K=x M=x
  • dictyospermum scale (Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (Morgan)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x T=x M=x
  • fern scale (Pinnaspis aspidistrae (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x P=x
  • inday scale (Phenacaspis inday (Banks)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x M=G
  • moth (Agonoxena sp. ) Lepidoptera: Agonoxenidae M=G
  • moth (Batrachedra sp. ) Lepidoptera: Coleophoridae M=G
  • greenhouse thrips (Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Bouché)) Thysanoptera: Thripidae M=G
    <P> <A HREF="#PageTop">Back to Crop List</A>

    Breadfruit, Artocarpus altitis

  • phytorus leaf beetle (Phytorus lineolatus Weise) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=x
  • coconut shot-hole borer (Xyleborus perforans (Wollaston)) Coleoptera: Scolytidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • longhorn beetle (Ceresium unicolor (F.)) Coleoptera: Cerambycidae T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • breadfruit twig borer weevil (Aclees porosus Pascoe) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x Y=x
  • breadfruit fruitfly (Dacus umbrosus F.) Diptera: Tephritidae B=x
  • fruitfly (Dacus frauenfeldi Schiner) Diptera: Tephritidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Aspidiotus excisus Green) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=C
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • egyptian fluted scale (Icerya aegyptiaca (Douglas)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • brown soft scale (Coccus hesperidum L.) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • scale (Andaspis punicae (Laing)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=G
  • coccid scale (Coccus moestus De Lotto) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x T=x M=x
  • stellate scale (Vinsonia stellifera Westwood) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n P=x K=n
  • california red scale (Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=? T=? M=?
  • palm scale (Hemiberlesia palmae (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=Y P=x K=x M=x
  • florida red scale (Chrysomphalus aonidum (L.)) Homoptera: Diaspididae P=x
  • <A HREF="i038.htm">cowpea aphid</A> (Aphis craccivora Koch) Homoptera: Aphididae Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • long-tailed mealybug (Pseudococcus longispinus (Targioni-Tozzetti)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=?
  • white peach scale (Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Targioni-Tozzetti)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x T=x M=x
  • lilac mealybug (Planococcus lilacinus (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae M=G
  • marshall mealybug (Pseudococcus marshallensis Beardsley) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae K=x
  • seychelles scale (Icerya seychellarum (Westwood)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=? Y=x
  • breadfruit whitefly (Xenaleyrodes artocarpi Takahashi) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x
  • oleander pit scale (Asterolecanium pustulans (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Asterolecaniidae B=x T=x M=G
  • cottony-cushion scale (Icerya purchasi Maskell) Homoptera: Margarodidae M=G
  • ono breadfruit planthopper (Phaciocephalus onoi Metcalf) Homoptera: Derbidae T=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • mealybug (Pseudococcus trukensis Beardsley) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=x P=x
  • red wax scale (Ceroplastes rubens Maskell) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n M=x
  • inornate scale (Aonidiella inornata Mackenzie) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=G

    Cabbages and related crops, Brassica

  • <A HREF="rosebeetle.pdf">chinese rose beetle</A> (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x M=x
  • cabbage serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza brassicae (Riley)) Diptera: Agromyzidae M=x
  • vegetable leafminer (Liriomyza sativae Blanchard) Diptera: Agromyzidae M=G
  • southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • black garden fleahopper (Halticus tibialis Reuter) Hemiptera: Miridae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • turnip aphid (Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach)) Homoptera: Aphididae M=x
  • green peach aphid (Myzus persicae (Sulzer)) Homoptera: Aphididae M=S
  • sweetpotato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x P=? M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • corn earworm, tomato fruitworm (Heliothis zea (Boddie)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x? M=x?
  • old world bollworm (Heliothis armigera (Hübner)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • oriental cabbage webworm (Hellula undalis (F.)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=GC?
  • melia tortricid (Adoxophyes melia Clarke) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae M=x
  • <A HREF="http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/ent/hortcrops/english/dbm.html">diamondback moth</A> (Plutella xylostella (L.)) Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae B=n M=x
  • <A HREF="http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/ent/hortcrops/english/croci.html">cabbage cluster caterpillar</A> (Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • philippine katydid (Phaneroptera furcifera Stål) Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae P=x M=x
  • onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=x Y=x M=x

    Cassava, Manihot esculenta

  • spider mite (Tetranychus sp. ) Acari: Tetranychidae M=x
  • spider mite (Tetranychus sp. ) Acari: Tetranychidae M=C
  • spider mite (Tetranychus truncatus Ehara) Acari: Tetranychidae M=G
  • <A HREF="rosebeetle.pdf">chinese rose beetle</A> (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x M=x
  • southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • white peach scale (Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Targioni-Tozzetti)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x T=x M=x
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • sweetpotato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x P=? M=x
  • nigra scale (Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x K=x M=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • mealybug (Phenacoccus madeirensis Green) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=n P=n M=G

    Cocoa, Theobroma cacao

  • shot-hole borer (Xyleborus similis Ferrari) Coleoptera: Scolytidae B=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • phytorus leaf beetle (Phytorus lineolatus Weise) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=x
  • <A HREF="rosebeetle.pdf">chinese rose beetle</A> (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x M=x
  • cacao spotted long-horned beetle (Pelargoderus luteosparsus (Matsushita)) Coleoptera: Cerambycidae B=x
  • tea shot-hole borer (Xyleborus fornicatus Eichhoff) Coleoptera: Scolytidae B=x Y=x P=x
  • leaf beetle (Coenobius glochidionis Gressitt) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae B=x
  • black twig borer (Xyleborus ferrugineus (F.)) Coleoptera: Scolytidae T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • proteus scale (Parlatoria proteus (Curtis)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=G
  • derbid hopper (Eusyphax bivittatus (Metcalf)) Homoptera: Derbidae M=G
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • grey pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus neobrevipes Beardsley) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • black citrus aphid (Toxoptera aurantii (Boyer de Fonscombe)) Homoptera: Aphididae T=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • <A HREF="i132.htm">fruit piercing moth</A> (Eudocima (Othreis) fullonia (Clerck)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n P=n K=n M=x
  • cacao armyworm (Tiracola plagiata (Walker)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • old world bollworm (Heliothis armigera (Hübner)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • redbanded thrips (Selenothrips rubrocinctus (Giard)) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=n Y=n T=n P=x? M=x

    Coconut palm, Cocos nucifera

  • black twig borer (Xyleborus ferrugineus (F.)) Coleoptera: Scolytidae T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • pohnpei coconut leaf beetle (Brontispa chalybeipennis (Zacher)) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae P=x K=x
  • <A HREF="i227.htm">coconut rhinoceros beetle</A> (Oryctes rhinoceros (L.)) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x
  • mariana coconut leaf beetle (Brontispa mariana Spaeth) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae Y=x T=x M=C
  • palau coconut leaf beetle (Brontispa palauensis (Esaki & Chujo)) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae B=x M=G
  • coconut long-horned beetle (Caroliniella aenescens Blair) Coleoptera: Cerambycidae T=x K=x
  • oriental flower beetle (Protaetia orientalis (Gory & Percheron)) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae M=G
  • shot-hole borer (Xyleborus similis Ferrari) Coleoptera: Scolytidae B=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • coconut weevil (Diocalandra frumenti (F.)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x T=x M=G
  • coconut shot-hole borer (Xyleborus perforans (Wollaston)) Coleoptera: Scolytidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i293.htm">new guinea sugarcane weevil</A> (Rhabdoscelus obscurus (Boisduval)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x M=x
  • strangulate weevil (Trochorhopalus strangulatus (Gyllenhal)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x
  • sugarcane weevil borer (Rhabdoscelus asperipennis (Fairmaire)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x
  • proteus scale (Parlatoria proteus (Curtis)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=G
  • aphid (Astegopteryx rhapidis (van der Goot)) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • palau coconut whitefly (Aleurocanthus palauensis Kuwana) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x
  • long brown scale (Coccus longulus (Douglas)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x M=x
  • spiralling whitefly (Aleurodicus dispersus Russell) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=n P=n M=x
  • scale (Aspidiotus excisus Green) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=C
  • nigra scale (Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x K=x M=x
  • palm mealybug (Palmicultor palmarum (Ehrhorn)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x
  • false yellow scale (Aonidiella comperei Mckenzie) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • scale (Aonidiella eremocitri Mckenzie) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x
  • inornate scale (Aonidiella inornata Mackenzie) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=G
  • inday scale (Phenacaspis inday (Banks)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x M=G
  • latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • armored scale (Lepidosaphes esakii Takahashi) Homoptera: Diaspididae T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • derbid planthopper (Lamenia numitor Fennah) Homoptera: Derbidae Y=x M=x
  • spittlebug (Lallemandana phalerata (Stål)) Homoptera: Cercopidae P=x M=x
  • black thread scale (Ischnaspis longirostris (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=G
  • seychelles scale (Icerya seychellarum (Westwood)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=? Y=x
  • kamani psyllid (Leptynoptera sulfurea Crawford) Homoptera: Psyllidae B=x Y=x P=x K=x M=G
  • florida red scale (Chrysomphalus aonidum (L.)) Homoptera: Diaspididae P=x
  • palm scale (Hemiberlesia palmae (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=Y P=x K=x M=x
  • guam mealybug (Palmicultor guamensis Beardsley) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae M=G
  • coconut red scale (Furcaspis oceanica Lindinger) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • derbid hopper (Flaccia dione Fennah) Homoptera: Derbidae K=x M=n
  • leafhopper (Exitianus plebeius (Kirkaldy)) Homoptera: Cicadellidae M=Gn
  • tessellated scale (Eucalymnatus tessellatus (Signoret)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n T=x P=x K=x
  • pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • brown soft scale (Coccus hesperidum L.) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • saipan mealybug (Dysmicoccus saipanensis (Shiraiwa)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • latania aphid (Cerataphis lataniae (Boisduval)) Homoptera: Aphididae Y=x P=x M=x
  • egyptian fluted scale (Icerya aegyptiaca (Douglas)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • derbid hopper (Swezeyia zephyrus Fennah) Homoptera: Derbidae B=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • leafhopper (Protalebrella braziliensis (Baker)) Homoptera: Cicadellidae M=Gn
  • steatococcus scale (Steatococcus samaraius Morrison) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x M=G
  • mealybug (Pseudococcus microadonidum Beardsley) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=x P=x
  • stellate scale (Vinsonia stellifera Westwood) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n P=x K=n
  • fern scale (Pinnaspis aspidistrae (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x P=x
  • lesser snow scale (Pinnaspis strachani (Cooley)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • kanehira termite (Neotermes kanehirae (Oshima)) Isoptera: Kalotermitidae B=x
  • coconut flat moth (Agonoxena pyrogramma Meyrick) Lepidoptera: Agonoxenidae T=n? P=n? K=x M=G
  • litchi fruit moth (Cryptophlebia ombrodelta (Lower)) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae B=x M=x
  • javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis (Burmeister)) Orthoptera: Acrididae B=x Y=x T=x
  • coconut long-horned grasshopper (Segestes unicolor Redtenbacher) Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae B=x
  • large short-horn grasshopper (Valanga excavata Stål) Orthoptera: Acrididae M=x
  • denticulate stick insect (Acanthograeffea denticulata (Redtenbacher)) Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae M=x
  • coconut stick insect (Acanthograeffea modesta Gunther) Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae T=x P=x

    Coffee, Coffea

  • coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae P=x M=S
  • black twig borer (Xyleborus morigerus Blandford) Coleoptera: Scolytidae T=x P=x M=x
  • hemispherical scale (Saissetia coffeae (Walker)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • black scale (Saissetia  ?oleae (Bernard)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x T=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i092.htm">green scale</A> (Coccus viridis (Green)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=n M=x
  • nigra scale (Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x K=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • green shield scale (Chloropulvinaria psidii Maskell) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • black citrus aphid (Toxoptera aurantii (Boyer de Fonscombe)) Homoptera: Aphididae T=x M=x
  • black thread scale (Ischnaspis longirostris (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=G
  • red wax scale (Ceroplastes rubens Maskell) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n M=x
  • scale (Duplaspidiotus tesseratus (de Charmoy)) Homoptera: Diaspididae M=G?
  • long-tailed mealybug (Pseudococcus longispinus (Targioni-Tozzetti)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=?
  • pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • tessellated scale (Eucalymnatus tessellatus (Signoret)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n T=x P=x K=x
  • greenhouse thrips (Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Bouché)) Thysanoptera: Thripidae M=G
  • thrips (Aleurodothrips fasciapennis (Franklin)) Thysanoptera: Thripidae M=G
  • thrips (Karnyothrips melaleuca (Bagnall)) Thysanoptera: Thripidae M=G

    Cotton, Gossypium

  • broad mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks)) Acari: Tarsonemidae M=x
  • carmine spider mite (Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisd.)) Acari: Tetranychidae M=x
  • southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • leaf-footed plant bug (Leptoglossus australis (F.)) Hemiptera: Coreidae B=x P=x M=x
  • stainer bug (Oxycarenus bicolor Fieber) Hemiptera: Lygaeidae M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • sweetpotato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x P=? M=x
  • indian cotton jassid (Sundapteryx biguttula (Ishida)) Homoptera: Cicadellidae B=? M=GS
  • hemispherical scale (Saissetia coffeae (Walker)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • long brown scale (Coccus longulus (Douglas)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x M=x
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • nigra scale (Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x K=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • corn earworm, tomato fruitworm (Heliothis zea (Boddie)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x? M=x?
  • green garden looper (Chrysodeixis chalcites (Esper)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n M=x
  • old world bollworm (Heliothis armigera (Hübner)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • okra caterpillar (Anomis erosa Hübner) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=x M=?
  • cucurbit leafroller (Diaphania indica (Saunders)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=x Y=x M=x

    Crotons, Codiaeum variegatum

  • weevil (Trigonops hirsuta Zimmerman) Coleoptera: Curculionidae M=G
  • weevil (Trigonops inusitata Zimmerman) Coleoptera: Curculionidae M=G
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • long brown scale (Coccus longulus (Douglas)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x M=x
  • egyptian fluted scale (Icerya aegyptiaca (Douglas)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • croton mussel scale (Lepidosaphes tokionis (Kuwana)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • castor semilooper (Achaea janata (L.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=G

    Cucumber, squash, melons, etc., Cucurbitaceae

  • black-back cucumber beetle (Aulacophora flavomarginata Duvivier) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae B=x
  • weevil (Trigonops sp. ) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • three-green-lined weevil (Nanyozo viridilineatus Kono) Coleoptera: Curculionidae T=x
  • blue-back cucumber beetle (Aulacophora marginalis Chapuis) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae B=x
  • orange cucumber beetle (Aulacophora similis (Olivier)) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae B=x Y=x M=x
  • spotted cucumber beetle (Aulacophora quadrimaculata (F.)) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae Y=x M=x
  • serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess)) Diptera: Agromyzidae Y=n P=n M=GS?
  • melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett) Diptera: Tephritidae M=x
  • vegetable leafminer (Liriomyza sativae Blanchard) Diptera: Agromyzidae M=G
  • southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • large spined-footed bug (Physomerus grossipes (F.)) Hemiptera: Coreidae B=n M=x
  • leaf-footed plant bug (Leptoglossus australis (F.)) Hemiptera: Coreidae B=x P=x M=x
  • truk stink bug (Megymenum affine Boisduval) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae T=x
  • island fleahopper (Halticus insularis Usinger) Hemiptera: Miridae M=G
  • black garden fleahopper (Halticus tibialis Reuter) Hemiptera: Miridae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • purple scale (Lepidosaphes beckii (Newman)) Homoptera: Diaspididae T=x P=x M=G
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • hemispherical scale (Saissetia coffeae (Walker)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • green peach aphid (Myzus persicae (Sulzer)) Homoptera: Aphididae M=S
  • <A HREF="i038.htm">cowpea aphid</A> (Aphis craccivora Koch) Homoptera: Aphididae Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • egyptian fluted scale (Icerya aegyptiaca (Douglas)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • green garden looper (Chrysodeixis chalcites (Esper)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n M=x
  • melonworm (Diaphania hyalinata (L.)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • cucurbit leafroller (Diaphania indica (Saunders)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • plume moth (Sphenarches caffer Zeller) Lepidoptera: Pterophoridae M=G
  • white-banded grasshopper (Stenocatantops splendens (Thunberg)) Orthoptera: Acrididae M=G
  • onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=x Y=x M=x
  • melon thrips (Thrips palmi Karny) Thysanoptera: Thripidae Y=n M=G

    Cycads, Cycas

  • phytorus leaf beetle (Phytorus lineolatus Weise) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=x
  • weevil (Anaballus amplicollis (Fairmaire)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae M=G
  • pentatomid bug (Alciphron glaucus (F.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae M=x
  • caroline scale (Lepidosaphes carolinensis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x
  • false yellow scale (Aonidiella comperei Mckenzie) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • red wax scale (Ceroplastes rubens Maskell) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n M=x
  • florida wax scale (Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x P=x M=x
  • proteus scale (Parlatoria proteus (Curtis)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=G
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • spittlebug (Lallemandana phalerata (Stål)) Homoptera: Cercopidae P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="cycad.htm">caterpillar</A> (Chilades pandava ) Lepidoptera:Laecinidae M=S

    Eggplant, Solanum melongena

  • spider mite (Tetranychus tumidus ) Acari: Tetranychidae M=x
  • broad mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks)) Acari: Tarsonemidae M=x
  • carmine spider mite (Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisd.)) Acari: Tetranychidae M=x
  • tobacco flea beetle (Epitrix hirtipennis (Melsheimer)) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=G
  • <A HREF="i126.htm">philippine lady beetle</A> (Epilachna vigintisexpunctata philippensis (Dieke)) Coleoptera: Coccinellidae Y=? K=x
  • <A HREF="rosebeetle.pdf">chinese rose beetle</A> (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x M=x
  • serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess)) Diptera: Agromyzidae Y=n P=n M=GS?
  • leaf-footed plant bug (Leptoglossus australis (F.)) Hemiptera: Coreidae B=x P=x M=x
  • southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • kosrae lygus bug (Lygus kusaiensis Carvalho) Hemiptera: Miridae K=x
  • large spined-footed bug (Physomerus grossipes (F.)) Hemiptera: Coreidae B=n M=x
  • nigra scale (Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x K=x M=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • dictyospermum scale (Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (Morgan)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x T=x M=x
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • lesser snow scale (Pinnaspis strachani (Cooley)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • seychelles scale (Icerya seychellarum (Westwood)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=? Y=x
  • indian cotton jassid (Sundapteryx biguttula (Ishida)) Homoptera: Cicadellidae B=? M=GS
  • eggplant horned planthopper (Leptocentrus taurus (F.)) Homoptera: Membracidae M=x
  • scale (Andaspis punicae (Laing)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=G
  • green peach aphid (Myzus persicae (Sulzer)) Homoptera: Aphididae M=S
  • sweetpotato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x P=? M=x
  • hemispherical scale (Saissetia coffeae (Walker)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • oriental scale (Aonidiella orientalis (Newstead)) Homoptera: Diaspididae Y=x M=x
  • old world bollworm (Heliothis armigera (Hübner)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • corn earworm, tomato fruitworm (Heliothis zea (Boddie)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x? M=x?
  • green garden looper (Chrysodeixis chalcites (Esper)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n M=x
  • hornworm (Protoparce sp. ) Lepidoptera: Sphingidae M=C
  • lawn armyworm (Spodoptera mauritia Guenée) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • melon thrips (Thrips palmi Karny) Thysanoptera: Thripidae Y=n M=G

    Figs, Ficus

  • mexican wax scale (Ceroplastes ceriferus Anderson) Homoptera: Coccidae M=G
  • blue-spotted king crow (Euploea leucostictos Eschscholtz) Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae M=x

    Ginger, Zingiber officinale

  • banana aphid (Pentalonia nigronervosa Coquerel) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=n M=x
  • nigra scale (Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x K=x M=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • asian corn borer (Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x

    Guava, Psidium guajava

  • fruitfly (Dacus frauenfeldi Schiner) Diptera: Tephritidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x
  • leaf-footed plant bug (Leptoglossus australis (F.)) Hemiptera: Coreidae B=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • dictyospermum scale (Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (Morgan)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x T=x M=x
  • tessellated scale (Eucalymnatus tessellatus (Signoret)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n T=x P=x K=x
  • carribean black scale (Saissetia neglecta DeLotto) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x P=n M=G
  • hemispherical scale (Saissetia coffeae (Walker)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i092.htm">green scale</A> (Coccus viridis (Green)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=n M=x
  • black scale (Saissetia  ?oleae (Bernard)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x T=x M=x
  • palm scale (Hemiberlesia palmae (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=Y P=x K=x M=x
  • latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • steatococcus scale (Steatococcus samaraius Morrison) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x M=G
  • green shield scale (Chloropulvinaria psidii Maskell) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • red wax scale (Ceroplastes rubens Maskell) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n M=x
  • acuminate scale (Kilifia acuminata (Signoret)) Homoptera: Coccidae M=G,R
  • scale (Kilifia deltoides DeLotto) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x
  • armored scale (Lepidosaphes laterochitinosa Green) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=n? P=n? M=x
  • brown soft scale (Coccus hesperidum L.) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • stellate scale (Vinsonia stellifera Westwood) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n P=x K=n
  • <A HREF="i021.htm">woolly whitefly</A> (Aleurothrixus floccosus (Maskell)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae M=G
  • lilac mealybug (Planococcus lilacinus (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae M=G
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • spiralling whitefly (Aleurodicus dispersus Russell) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=n P=n M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • chaff scale (Parlatoria pergandii Comstock) Homoptera: Diaspididae T=x P=x
  • california red scale (Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=? T=? M=?
  • nigra scale (Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x K=x M=x
  • forest tree termite (Neotermes connexus Snyder) Isoptera: Kalotermitidae M=x
  • tortricid moth (Dudua aprobola (Meyrick)) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae K=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i132.htm">fruit piercing moth</A> (Eudocima (Othreis) fullonia (Clerck)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n P=n K=n M=x
  • moth (Anua tongaensis Hampson) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=G
  • guava bud moth (Strepsicrates ejectana (Walker)) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae M=x
  • redbanded thrips (Selenothrips rubrocinctus (Giard)) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=n Y=n T=n P=x? M=x

    Indian coral tree, Erythrina variegata

  • weevil (Trigonops sp. ) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • steatococcus scale (Steatococcus samaraius Morrison) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x M=G
  • eggplant horned planthopper (Leptocentrus taurus (F.)) Homoptera: Membracidae M=x
  • mexican black scale (Saissetia miranda (Cockerell & Parrott)) Homoptera: Coccidae M=G
  • black scale (Saissetia  ?oleae (Bernard)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x T=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i132.htm">fruit piercing moth</A> (Eudocima (Othreis) fullonia (Clerck)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n P=n K=n M=x
  • moth (Agathodes ostentalis (Geyer)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae M=G

    Ironwood, Casuarina equisetifolia

  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • cottony-cushion scale (Icerya purchasi Maskell) Homoptera: Margarodidae M=G
  • steatococcus scale (Steatococcus samaraius Morrison) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x M=G

    Jackfruit, Artocarpus heterophyllus

  • breadfruit fruitfly (Dacus umbrosus F.) Diptera: Tephritidae B=x
  • red wax scale (Ceroplastes rubens Maskell) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n M=x
  • latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • california red scale (Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=? T=? M=?
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • seychelles scale (Icerya seychellarum (Westwood)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=? Y=x
  • green shield scale (Chloropulvinaria psidii Maskell) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x T=x P=x K=x M=x

    Kamani, Calophyllum inophyllum

  • weevil (Trigonops inusitata Zimmerman) Coleoptera: Curculionidae M=G
  • kamani psyllid (Leptynoptera sulfurea Crawford) Homoptera: Psyllidae B=x Y=x P=x K=x M=G
  • derbid planthopper (Lamenia caliginea Stål) Homoptera: Derbidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • palm scale (Hemiberlesia palmae (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=Y P=x K=x M=x

    Lemon, etc., Citrus

  • citrus leaf mite (Eotetranychus cendanai Rimando) Acari: Tetranychidae M=G
  • carmine spider mite (Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisd.)) Acari: Tetranychidae M=x
  • weevil (Daealus sp. ) Coleoptera: Curculionidae M=C
  • mango flower beetle (Protaetia fusca (Herbst)) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae M=G
  • wood borer (Chrysobothris costata Kerremans) Coleoptera: Buprestidae M=G
  • phytorus leaf beetle (Phytorus lineolatus Weise) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=x
  • citrus bark borer (Agrilus occipitalis (Eschscholtz)) Coleoptera: Buprestidae M=x
  • fruitfly (Dacus frauenfeldi Schiner) Diptera: Tephritidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x
  • leaf-footed plant bug (Leptoglossus australis (F.)) Hemiptera: Coreidae B=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i021.htm">woolly whitefly</A> (Aleurothrixus floccosus (Maskell)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae M=G
  • citrus snow scale (Unaspis citri (Comstock)) Homoptera: Diaspididae P=x
  • latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • long brown scale (Coccus longulus (Douglas)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x M=x
  • palm scale (Hemiberlesia palmae (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=Y P=x K=x M=x
  • seychelles scale (Icerya seychellarum (Westwood)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=? Y=x
  • <A HREF="i092.htm">green scale</A> (Coccus viridis (Green)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=n M=x
  • steatococcus scale (Steatococcus samaraius Morrison) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x M=G
  • dictyospermum scale (Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (Morgan)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x T=x M=x
  • florida red scale (Chrysomphalus aonidum (L.)) Homoptera: Diaspididae P=x
  • cottony-cushion scale (Icerya purchasi Maskell) Homoptera: Margarodidae M=G
  • false yellow scale (Aonidiella comperei Mckenzie) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • black scale (Saissetia  ?oleae (Bernard)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x T=x M=x
  • california red scale (Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=? T=? M=?
  • green citrus aphid (Aphis citricola van der Goot) Homoptera: Aphididae M=G?
  • spiralling whitefly (Aleurodicus dispersus Russell) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=n P=n M=x
  • egyptian fluted scale (Icerya aegyptiaca (Douglas)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • mealybug (Pseudococcus trukensis Beardsley) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=x P=x
  • inornate scale (Aonidiella inornata Mackenzie) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=G
  • lilac mealybug (Planococcus lilacinus (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae M=G
  • orange spiny whitefly (Aleurocanthus spiniferus (Quaintance)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae Y=n T=x P=n K=n M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • stellate scale (Vinsonia stellifera Westwood) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n P=x K=n
  • cloudywinged whitefly (Dialeurodes citrifolii (Morgan)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae P=n
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Aspidiotus excisus Green) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=C
  • black parlatoria scale (Parlatoria zizyphus (Lucas)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x T=n P=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • florida wax scale (Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x P=x M=x
  • proteus scale (Parlatoria proteus (Curtis)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=G
  • glover scale (Lepidosaphes gloverii (Packard)) Homoptera: Diaspididae Y=n T=x P=x M=S
  • <A HREF="i038.htm">cowpea aphid</A> (Aphis craccivora Koch) Homoptera: Aphididae Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • green mealybug (Pseudococcus citriculus Green) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x P=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • purple scale (Lepidosaphes beckii (Newman)) Homoptera: Diaspididae T=x P=x M=G
  • long-tailed mealybug (Pseudococcus longispinus (Targioni-Tozzetti)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=?
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • hemispherical scale (Saissetia coffeae (Walker)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Abgrallaspis palmae (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae K=x
  • nigra scale (Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x K=x M=x
  • black citrus aphid (Toxoptera aurantii (Boyer de Fonscombe)) Homoptera: Aphididae T=x M=x
  • acuminate scale (Kilifia acuminata (Signoret)) Homoptera: Coccidae M=G,R
  • brown soft scale (Coccus hesperidum L.) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • tropical grey chaff scale (Parlatoria cinerea Hadden) Homoptera: Diaspididae M=x
  • red wax scale (Ceroplastes rubens Maskell) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n M=x
  • chaff scale (Parlatoria pergandii Comstock) Homoptera: Diaspididae T=x P=x
  • litchi fruit moth (Cryptophlebia ombrodelta (Lower)) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae B=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i132.htm">fruit piercing moth</A> (Eudocima (Othreis) fullonia (Clerck)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n P=n K=n M=x
  • orange tip moth (Adoxophyes fasciculana (Walker)) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae K=x
  • tortricid moth (Cryptophlebia peltastica (Meyrick)) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae M=G
  • citrus leaf miner (Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton) Lepidoptera: Phyllocnistidae B=x Y=n M=x
  • <A HREF="i240.htm">black citrus swallowtail</A> (Papilio polytes L.) Lepidoptera: Papilionidae B=x Y=x M=x
  • citrus flower moth (Prays citri Mill) Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae B=x Y=x M=C

    Maize or corn, Zea mays

  • oriental flower beetle (Protaetia orientalis (Gory & Percheron)) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae M=G
  • mindanao June beetle (Phyllophaga bipunctata (Brenske)) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae M=G
  • chafer beetle (Anomala sulcatula Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae M=x
  • mango flower beetle (Protaetia fusca (Herbst)) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae M=G
  • rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae (L.)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae M=G
  • <A HREF="rosebeetle.pdf">chinese rose beetle</A> (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x M=x
  • maize leafminer (Pseudonapomyza spicata (Malloch)) Diptera: Agromyzidae B=x Y=x P=? M=x
  • sweetpotato yellow bug (Creontiades pallidifer (Walker)) Hemiptera: Miridae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • pink sugarcane mealybug (Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • corn delphacid (Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead)) Homoptera: Delphacidae B=x Y=x M=x
  • corn leaf aphid (Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch)) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • leafhopper (Cicadulina bipunctella (Matsumura)) Homoptera: Cicadellidae B=x Y=x M=x
  • sweetpotato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x P=? M=x
  • lawn armyworm (Spodoptera mauritia Guenée) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • asian corn borer (Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • maize leafroller (Marasmia trapezalis (Guenée)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • old world bollworm (Heliothis armigera (Hübner)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • corn earworm, tomato fruitworm (Heliothis zea (Boddie)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x? M=x?
  • green garden looper (Chrysodeixis chalcites (Esper)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n M=x
  • evening brown butterfly (Melanitis leda (L.)) Lepidoptera: Satyridae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • long-horned grasshopper (Conocephalus longipennis (Haan)) Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • javanese grasshopper (Valanga nigricornis (Burmeister)) Orthoptera: Acrididae B=x Y=x T=x
  • japanese grasshopper (Oxya japonica (Thunberg)) Orthoptera: Acrididae B=n M=C
  • migratory locust (Locusta migratoria manilensis (Meyen)) Orthoptera: Acrididae M=x
  • large short-horn grasshopper (Valanga excavata Stål) Orthoptera: Acrididae M=x
  • brown-winged short-horned grasshopper (Aiolopus thalassinus dubius Willemse) Orthoptera: Acrididae M=x
  • smaller rice grasshopper (Oxya hyla Audinet-Serville) Orthoptera: Acrididae Y=n T=n P=n K=n

    Mango, Mangifera indica

  • oriental flower beetle (Protaetia orientalis (Gory & Percheron)) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae M=G
  • mango leaf beetle (Rhyparida carolina Chujo) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae T=x P=x K=x
  • phytorus leaf beetle (Phytorus lineolatus Weise) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=x
  • mango flower beetle (Protaetia fusca (Herbst)) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae M=G
  • mango seed weevil (Sternochetus mangiferae (F.)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae M=C
  • seed weevil (Cryptorhynchus mangiferae (F.)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae M=G
  • fruitfly (Dacus frauenfeldi Schiner) Diptera: Tephritidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x
  • long-tailed mealybug (Pseudococcus longispinus (Targioni-Tozzetti)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=?
  • inday scale (Phenacaspis inday (Banks)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x M=G
  • brown soft scale (Coccus hesperidum L.) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • tropical grey chaff scale (Parlatoria cinerea Hadden) Homoptera: Diaspididae M=x
  • scale (Semelaspidus mangiferae Takahashi) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x
  • white scale (Pinnaspis sp. ) Homoptera: Diaspididae M=G
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • brown pineapple scale (Melanaspis bromeliae (Leonardi)) Homoptera: Diaspididae P=x M=G
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • oleander pit scale (Asterolecanium pustulans (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Asterolecaniidae B=x T=x M=G
  • proteus scale (Parlatoria proteus (Curtis)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=G
  • tessellated scale (Eucalymnatus tessellatus (Signoret)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n T=x P=x K=x
  • scale (Kilifia deltoides DeLotto) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x
  • stellate scale (Vinsonia stellifera Westwood) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n P=x K=n
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Aspidiotus spinosus Comstock) Homoptera: Diaspididae Y=x
  • florida wax scale (Ceroplastes floridensis Comstock) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i092.htm">green scale</A> (Coccus viridis (Green)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=n M=x
  • mango soft scale (Coccus mangiferae (Green)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x
  • acuminate scale (Kilifia acuminata (Signoret)) Homoptera: Coccidae M=G,R
  • derbid planthopper (Lamenia caliginea Stål) Homoptera: Derbidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • mango scale (Radionaspis indica (Marlatt)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x
  • coccid scale (Coccus moestus De Lotto) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x T=x M=x
  • cottony-cushion scale (Icerya purchasi Maskell) Homoptera: Margarodidae M=G
  • green shield scale (Chloropulvinaria psidii Maskell) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • spiralling whitefly (Aleurodicus dispersus Russell) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=n P=n M=x
  • florida red scale (Chrysomphalus aonidum (L.)) Homoptera: Diaspididae P=x
  • dictyospermum scale (Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (Morgan)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x T=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i038.htm">cowpea aphid</A> (Aphis craccivora Koch) Homoptera: Aphididae Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • black thread scale (Ischnaspis longirostris (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=G
  • palm scale (Hemiberlesia palmae (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=Y P=x K=x M=x
  • red wax scale (Ceroplastes rubens Maskell) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n M=x
  • latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • seychelles scale (Icerya seychellarum (Westwood)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=? Y=x
  • <A HREF="i248.htm">mango shoot caterpillar</A> (Penicillaria jocosatrix Guenée) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae T=n P=n M=G
  • mango shoot looper (Anisodes illepidaria Guenée) Lepidoptera: Geometridae M=G
  • <A HREF="i132.htm">fruit piercing moth</A> (Eudocima (Othreis) fullonia (Clerck)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n P=n K=n M=x
  • tortricid moth (Dudua aprobola (Meyrick)) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae K=x M=x
  • greenhouse thrips (Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Bouché)) Thysanoptera: Thripidae M=G
  • redbanded thrips (Selenothrips rubrocinctus (Giard)) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=n Y=n T=n P=x? M=x

    Mountain apple, Eugenia malaccensis

  • ochrosia fruit fly (Dacus ochrosiae Malloch) Diptera: Tephritidae M=x
  • fruitfly (Dacus frauenfeldi Schiner) Diptera: Tephritidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x
  • eugenia psyllid (Trioza vitiensis Kirkaldy) Homoptera: Psyllidae B=x T=? P=x

    Okra, Abelmoschus esculentus

  • <A HREF="rosebeetle.pdf">chinese rose beetle</A> (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x M=x
  • southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • sweetpotato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x P=? M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • hibiscus psyllid (Mesohomotoma hibisci (Froggatt)) Homoptera: Psyllidae B=x Y=x P=x K=x M=x
  • indian cotton jassid (Sundapteryx biguttula (Ishida)) Homoptera: Cicadellidae B=? M=GS
  • hemispherical scale (Saissetia coffeae (Walker)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • hibiscus caterpillar (Anomis flava (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=x M=x
  • spotted or cotton bollworm? (Earias vitella (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x M=?
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • old world bollworm (Heliothis armigera (Hübner)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • okra caterpillar (Anomis erosa Hübner) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=x M=?
  • green garden looper (Chrysodeixis chalcites (Esper)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n M=x
  • white-banded grasshopper (Stenocatantops splendens (Thunberg)) Orthoptera: Acrididae M=G
  • onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=x Y=x M=x

    Onion, Allium cepa

  • carmine spider mite (Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisd.)) Acari: Tetranychidae M=x
  • vegetable leafminer (Liriomyza sativae Blanchard) Diptera: Agromyzidae M=G
  • serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess)) Diptera: Agromyzidae Y=n P=n M=GS?
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • green peach aphid (Myzus persicae (Sulzer)) Homoptera: Aphididae M=S
  • cacao armyworm (Tiracola plagiata (Walker)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • grasshopper (Atractomorpha psittacina Haan) Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphidae M=G
  • onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=x Y=x M=x

    Papaya, Carica papaya

  • carmine spider mite (Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisd.)) Acari: Tetranychidae M=x
  • spider mite (Tetranychus truncatus Ehara) Acari: Tetranychidae M=G
  • broad mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks)) Acari: Tarsonemidae M=x
  • oriental flower beetle (Protaetia orientalis (Gory & Percheron)) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae M=G
  • lemniscate papaya fruitfly (Euphranta lemniscata (Enderlen)) Diptera: Tephritidae M=C
  • bisect papaya fruitfly (Hendelina bisecta Hardy & Adachi) Diptera: Tephritidae M=x
  • mirid (Fulvius angustatus Usinger) Hemiptera: Miridae M=x
  • green peach aphid (Myzus persicae (Sulzer)) Homoptera: Aphididae M=S
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Aspidiotus excisus Green) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=C
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • seychelles scale (Icerya seychellarum (Westwood)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=? Y=x
  • cottony-cushion scale (Icerya purchasi Maskell) Homoptera: Margarodidae M=G
  • egyptian fluted scale (Icerya aegyptiaca (Douglas)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • false yellow scale (Aonidiella comperei Mckenzie) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • long brown scale (Coccus longulus (Douglas)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x M=x
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • nigra scale (Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x K=x M=x
  • orange tip moth (Adoxophyes fasciculana (Walker)) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae K=x
  • redbanded thrips (Selenothrips rubrocinctus (Giard)) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=n Y=n T=n P=x? M=x

    Pineapple, Ananas comosus

  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • brown pineapple scale (Melanaspis bromeliae (Leonardi)) Homoptera: Diaspididae P=x M=G
  • boisduval scale (Diaspis boisduvalii Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x
  • pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • long-tailed mealybug (Pseudococcus longispinus (Targioni-Tozzetti)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=?
  • grey pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus neobrevipes Beardsley) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae M=x
  • pineapple scale (Diaspis bromeliae (Kerner)) Homoptera: Diaspididae P=x M=x
  • oceanic field cricket (Teleogryllus oceanicus (Le Guill.)) Orthoptera: Gryllidae M=G
  • white-banded grasshopper (Stenocatantops splendens (Thunberg)) Orthoptera: Acrididae M=G
  • onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=x Y=x M=x

    Pomegranate, Punica granatum

  • lilac mealybug (Planococcus lilacinus (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae M=G
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • castor semilooper (Achaea janata (L.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=G
  • <A HREF="i132.htm">fruit piercing moth</A> (Eudocima (Othreis) fullonia (Clerck)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n P=n K=n M=x

    Potato, Solanum tuberosum

  • broad mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks)) Acari: Tarsonemidae M=x
  • <A HREF="i126.htm">philippine lady beetle</A> (Epilachna vigintisexpunctata philippensis (Dieke)) Coleoptera: Coccinellidae Y=? K=x
  • tobacco flea beetle (Epitrix hirtipennis (Melsheimer)) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=G
  • vegetable leafminer (Liriomyza sativae Blanchard) Diptera: Agromyzidae M=G
  • serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess)) Diptera: Agromyzidae Y=n P=n M=GS?
  • southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • turnip aphid (Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach)) Homoptera: Aphididae M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • sweetpotato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x P=? M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • green peach aphid (Myzus persicae (Sulzer)) Homoptera: Aphididae M=S
  • <A HREF="i038.htm">cowpea aphid</A> (Aphis craccivora Koch) Homoptera: Aphididae Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • corn leaf aphid (Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch)) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • old world bollworm (Heliothis armigera (Hübner)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=x Y=x M=x

    Radish, Raphanus sativus

  • turnip aphid (Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach)) Homoptera: Aphididae M=x
  • <A HREF="http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/ent/hortcrops/english/croci.html">cabbage cluster caterpillar</A> (Crocidolomia binotalis Zeller) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • oriental cabbage webworm (Hellula undalis (F.)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=GC?
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • <A HREF="http://www.nysaes.cornell.edu/ent/hortcrops/english/dbm.html">diamondback moth</A> (Plutella xylostella (L.)) Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae B=n M=x

    Red and Bell pepper, etc., Capsicum

  • broad mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks)) Acari: Tarsonemidae M=x
  • <A HREF="i126.htm">philippine lady beetle</A> (Epilachna vigintisexpunctata philippensis (Dieke)) Coleoptera: Coccinellidae Y=? K=x
  • phytorus leaf beetle (Phytorus lineolatus Weise) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=x
  • serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess)) Diptera: Agromyzidae Y=n P=n M=GS?
  • vegetable leafminer (Liriomyza sativae Blanchard) Diptera: Agromyzidae M=G
  • southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • planthopper (Chloriona formosella (Matsumura)) Homoptera: Delphacidae Y=x M=x
  • white peach scale (Pseudaulacaspis pentagona (Targioni-Tozzetti)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x T=x M=x
  • green peach aphid (Myzus persicae (Sulzer)) Homoptera: Aphididae M=S
  • corn earworm, tomato fruitworm (Heliothis zea (Boddie)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x? M=x?
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • old world bollworm (Heliothis armigera (Hübner)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • asian corn borer (Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • melon thrips (Thrips palmi Karny) Thysanoptera: Thripidae Y=n M=G

    Rice, Oryza sativa

  • leaf-footed plant bug (Leptoglossus australis (F.)) Hemiptera: Coreidae B=x P=x M=x
  • rice bug (Leptocorixa acuta (Thunberg)) Hemiptera: Alydidae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • grass planthopper (Sogatella furcifera (Horváth)) Homoptera: Delphacidae B=x P=x M=G
  • green rice leafhopper (Nephotettix apicalis (Motschulsky)) Homoptera: Cicadellidae B=x Y=x M=x
  • brown rice planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens (Stål)) Homoptera: Delphacidae B=x Y=x
  • pink sugarcane mealybug (Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • mirid (Orthotylellus pallescens Usinger) Homoptera: Miridae B=x P=x M=x
  • mirid (Proboscidocoris malayus Reuter) Homoptera: Miridae M=G
  • geometric noctuid (Grammarodes geometrica (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=G
  • rice caseworm (Nymphula fluctuosalis Zeller) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae M=G
  • evening brown butterfly (Melanitis leda (L.)) Lepidoptera: Satyridae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • rice armyworm (Mythimna loreyi (Duponchel)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=G
  • lawn armyworm (Spodoptera mauritia Guenée) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • rice leafroller (Susumia exigua (Butler)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae M=x
  • long-horned grasshopper (Conocephalus longipennis (Haan)) Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • migratory locust (Locusta migratoria manilensis (Meyen)) Orthoptera: Acrididae M=x
  • smaller rice grasshopper (Oxya hyla Audinet-Serville) Orthoptera: Acrididae Y=n T=n P=n K=n
  • japanese grasshopper (Oxya japonica (Thunberg)) Orthoptera: Acrididae B=n M=C
  • philippine katydid (Phaneroptera furcifera Stål) Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae P=x M=x
  • grasshopper (Euconocephalus nasutus (Thunberg)) Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae Y=x M=x
  • brown-winged short-horned grasshopper (Aiolopus thalassinus dubius Willemse) Orthoptera: Acrididae M=x
  • thrips (Bolacidothrips orizae Moulton) Thysanoptera: Thripidae M=G
  • onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=x Y=x M=x

    Roses, Rosa

  • <A HREF="rosebeetle.pdf">chinese rose beetle</A> (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x M=x
  • mango flower beetle (Protaetia fusca (Herbst)) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae M=G
  • steatococcus scale (Steatococcus samaraius Morrison) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x M=G
  • orange spiny whitefly (Aleurocanthus spiniferus (Quaintance)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae Y=n T=x P=n K=n M=x
  • dictyospermum scale (Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (Morgan)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x T=x M=x

    Screw pine, Pandanus

  • pandanus beetle (Oxycephala pandani Gressitt) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae B=x
  • mango leaf beetle (Rhyparida carolina Chujo) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae T=x P=x K=x
  • spaeth pandanus beetle (Oxycephala spaethi (Chujo)) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae B=x
  • pandanus mealybug (Laminicoccus pandani (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=x P=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • mealybug (Turbinococcus pandanicola (Takahashi)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x
  • planthopper (Myndus irreptor Fennah) Homoptera: Cixiidae M=x
  • armored scale (Lepidosaphes esakii Takahashi) Homoptera: Diaspididae T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • chaff scale (Parlatoria pergandii Comstock) Homoptera: Diaspididae T=x P=x
  • planthopper (Myndus palawanensis Muir) Homoptera: Cixiidae M=x
  • planthopper (Swezeyaria viridana Metcalf) Homoptera: Tropiduchidae T=x P=x K=x M=G
  • nigra scale (Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x K=x M=x
  • planthopper (Capelopterum punctatellum ? Melichar) Homoptera: Issidae M=x
  • ti scale (Pinnaspis buxi (Bouché)) Homoptera: Diaspididae P=x M=G
  • mealybug (Neosimmondsia esakii Takahashi) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae P=x
  • planthopper (Myndus bifurcatus Metcalf) Homoptera: Cixiidae M=x
  • coconut red scale (Furcaspis oceanica Lindinger) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Paralecanium carolinensis Beardsley) Homoptera: Coccidae T=x
  • mealybug (Pandanicola pandani (Takahashi)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae P=x
  • boisduval scale (Diaspis boisduvalii Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x
  • derbid planthopper (Nesorhamma chalcas Fennah) Homoptera: Derbidae B=x
  • black thread scale (Ischnaspis longirostris (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=G
  • planthopper (Myndus dibaphus Fennah) Homoptera: Cixiidae T=x M=x
  • seychelles scale (Icerya seychellarum (Westwood)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=? Y=x
  • mealybug (Pseudococcus pandanicola Takahashi) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x
  • egyptian fluted scale (Icerya aegyptiaca (Douglas)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • dictyospermum scale (Chrysomphalus dictyospermi (Morgan)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x T=x M=x
  • leafhopper (Batrachomorphus atrifrons (Metcalf)) Homoptera: Cicadellidae M=x
  • orchid mealybug (Pseudococcus orchidicola Takahashi) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=x K=x M=C
  • california red scale (Aonidiella aurantii (Maskell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=? T=? M=?
  • latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • proteus scale (Parlatoria proteus (Curtis)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=G
  • lilac mealybug (Planococcus lilacinus (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae M=G
  • esaki mealybug (Pandanicola esakii (Takahashi)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x
  • mealybug (Pseudococcus microadonidum Beardsley) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=x P=x
  • planthopper (Armacia clara Stål) Homoptera: Ricaniidae P=x
  • forest tree termite (Neotermes connexus Snyder) Isoptera: Kalotermitidae M=x
  • moth (Trissodoris guamensis Busck) Lepidoptera: Cosmopterigidae M=x
  • pandanus stick insect (Megacrania batesii Kirby) Orthoptera: Phasmatidae K=x
  • denticulate stick insect (Acanthograeffea denticulata (Redtenbacher)) Phasmatodea: Phasmatidae M=x

    Sea grape, Coccoloba

  • spiralling whitefly (Aleurodicus dispersus Russell) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=n P=n M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x

    Sorghum, Sorghum bicolor

  • rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae (L.)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae M=G
  • coconut weevil (Diocalandra frumenti (F.)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x T=x M=G
  • maize leafminer (Pseudonapomyza spicata (Malloch)) Diptera: Agromyzidae B=x Y=x P=? M=x
  • rice bug (Leptocorixa acuta (Thunberg)) Hemiptera: Alydidae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • gray sugarcane mealybug (Dysmicoccus boninsis (Kuwana)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • corn delphacid (Peregrinus maidis (Ashmead)) Homoptera: Delphacidae B=x Y=x M=x
  • pink sugarcane mealybug (Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • corn leaf aphid (Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch)) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • sugarcane whitefly (Neomaskellia bergii (Signoret)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=G
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • corn earworm, tomato fruitworm (Heliothis zea (Boddie)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x? M=x?
  • asian corn borer (Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • old world bollworm (Heliothis armigera (Hübner)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • maize leafroller (Marasmia trapezalis (Guenée)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • evening brown butterfly (Melanitis leda (L.)) Lepidoptera: Satyridae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • migratory locust (Locusta migratoria manilensis (Meyen)) Orthoptera: Acrididae M=x

    Soursop, sweetsop, Annona

  • scale (Semelaspidus mangiferae Takahashi) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x
  • nigra scale (Saissetia nigra (Nietner)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x K=x M=x
  • black scale (Saissetia  ?oleae (Bernard)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x T=x M=x
  • long brown scale (Coccus longulus (Douglas)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x M=x
  • green tropiduchid (Kallitaxila crini (Matsumura)) Homoptera: Tropiduchidae M=G
  • green shield scale (Chloropulvinaria psidii Maskell) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • palau scale (Lepidosaphes palauensis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=G
  • lilac mealybug (Planococcus lilacinus (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae M=G
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i092.htm">green scale</A> (Coccus viridis (Green)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=n M=x
  • tessellated scale (Eucalymnatus tessellatus (Signoret)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=n T=x P=x K=x
  • hemispherical scale (Saissetia coffeae (Walker)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes similis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x P=x M=x

    Sugar cane, Saccharum officinarum

  • strangulate weevil (Trochorhopalus strangulatus (Gyllenhal)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x
  • <A HREF="rosebeetle.pdf">chinese rose beetle</A> (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x M=x
  • chafer beetle (Anomala sulcatula Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae M=x
  • rufous sugarcane beetle (Anoronotum rufum Arrow) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x
  • <A HREF="i293.htm">new guinea sugarcane weevil</A> (Rhabdoscelus obscurus (Boisduval)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x M=x
  • darkling beetle (Gonocephalum sp. ) Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae M=G
  • erect-winged blue plant hopper (Proutista moesta (Westwood)) Homoptera: Derbidae B=x P=n M=x
  • sugarcane scale (Aspidiella sacchari (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x M=x
  • pink sugarcane mealybug (Saccharicoccus sacchari (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Odonaspis saccharicaulis (Zehntner)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x
  • grass snout hopper (Chanithus gramineus (F.)) Homoptera: Dictyopharidae B=x Y=x M=x
  • sugarcane whitefly (Neomaskellia bergii (Signoret)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=G
  • delphacid planthopper (Ugyops annulipes (Stål)) Homoptera: Delphacidae M=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • scale (Aulacaspis madiunensis (Zehntner)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x
  • scale (Aulacaspis tegalensis (Zehntner)) Homoptera: Diaspididae Y=x
  • sugarcane leafhopper (Perkinsiella thompsoni Muir) Homoptera: Delphacidae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • maize leafroller (Marasmia trapezalis (Guenée)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • asian corn borer (Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenée)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • lawn armyworm (Spodoptera mauritia Guenée) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • evening brown butterfly (Melanitis leda (L.)) Lepidoptera: Satyridae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • japanese grasshopper (Oxya japonica (Thunberg)) Orthoptera: Acrididae B=n M=C
  • grasshopper (Atractomorpha psittacina Haan) Orthoptera: Pyrgomorphidae M=G
  • smaller rice grasshopper (Oxya hyla Audinet-Serville) Orthoptera: Acrididae Y=n T=n P=n K=n
  • migratory locust (Locusta migratoria manilensis (Meyen)) Orthoptera: Acrididae M=x

    Sweet potato, Ipomoea batatas

  • weevil (Trigonops sp. ) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • three-green-lined weevil (Nanyozo viridilineatus Kono) Coleoptera: Curculionidae T=x
  • five-green-lined weevil (Nanyozo viridipictus (Blair)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae T=x
  • weevil (Daealus sp. ) Coleoptera: Curculionidae M=C
  • leaf beetle (Colasposoma metallicum Lefevre) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=x
  • west indian sweetpotato weevil (Euscepes postfasciatus (Fairmaîre)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x Y=? T=? P=x M=x
  • palau sweetpotato weevil (Sphaeropterus sp. ) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x
  • sweetpotato weevil (Cylas formicarius (F.)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • sweetpotato flea beetle (Chaetocnema confinis Crotch) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=G
  • green tortoise beetle (Metriona circumdata (Herbst)) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae B=x Y=n T=x P=n M=x
  • island fleahopper (Halticus insularis Usinger) Hemiptera: Miridae M=G
  • bug (Zanchius fragilis Usinger) Hemiptera: Miridae M=x
  • black garden fleahopper (Halticus tibialis Reuter) Hemiptera: Miridae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • black island stink bug (Brachyplatys insularis Ruckes) Hemiptera: Plataspididae B=x Y=n T=x P=n K=n M=x
  • sweetpotato yellow bug (Creontiades pallidifer (Walker)) Hemiptera: Miridae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • large spined-footed bug (Physomerus grossipes (F.)) Hemiptera: Coreidae B=n M=x
  • black island stink bug (Brachyplatys insularis Ruckes) Hemiptera: Plataspididae B=x Y=n T=x P=n K=n M=x
  • lygeid bug (Nysius pulchellus (Stål)) Hemiptera: Lygaeidae T=x K=x M=x
  • scale (Lepidosaphes sp. ) Homoptera: Diaspididae M=G
  • sweetpotato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x P=? M=x
  • leafhopper (Exitianus capicola (Stål)) Homoptera: Cicadellidae Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • nippon sweetpotato moth (Pachyzancla nipponalis (Walker)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x
  • green garden looper (Chrysodeixis chalcites (Esper)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n M=x
  • orange tip moth (Adoxophyes fasciculana (Walker)) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae K=x
  • leaf blotch miner moth (Acrocercops sp. ) Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae B=x? T=x? P=x? M=C
  • sweet potato hawk moth (Agrius convolvuli (L.)) Lepidoptera: Sphingidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • meadow argus (Precis villida (F.)) Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae B=x T=x P=x
  • melia tortricid (Adoxophyes melia Clarke) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae M=x
  • blue moon butterfly (Hypolimnas bolina (L.)) Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • hawk moth (Hippotion swinhoei (Moore)) Lepidoptera: Sphingidae M=G?
  • mole cricket (Gryllotalpa sp. ) Orthoptera: Gryllotalpidae M=G

    Taro (Colocasia), Colocasia esculenta

  • spider mite (Tetranychus sp. ) Acari: Tetranychidae M=x
  • spider mite (Tetranychus sp. ) Acari: Tetranychidae M=C
  • weevil (Trigonops sp. ) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • weevil (Atactus deplanatus (Boheman)) Coleoptera: Curculionidae P=x
  • <A HREF="rosebeetle.pdf">chinese rose beetle</A> (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x M=x
  • egyptian fluted scale (Icerya aegyptiaca (Douglas)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • steatococcus scale (Steatococcus samaraius Morrison) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x M=G
  • brown soft scale (Coccus hesperidum L.) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • brown pineapple scale (Melanaspis bromeliae (Leonardi)) Homoptera: Diaspididae P=x M=G
  • pineapple mealybug (Dysmicoccus brevipes (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • banana aphid (Pentalonia nigronervosa Coquerel) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=n M=x
  • pineapple scale (Diaspis bromeliae (Kerner)) Homoptera: Diaspididae P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i319.htm">taro leafhopper</A> (Tarophagus proserpina (Kirkaldy)) Homoptera: Delphacidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • caroline scale (Lepidosaphes carolinensis Beardsley) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x
  • derbid planthopper (Lamenia caliginea Stål) Homoptera: Derbidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i155.htm">taro sphinx-moth</A> (Hippotion celerio (L.)) Lepidoptera: Sphingidae B=x M=x
  • narrow-winged sphinx moth (Theretra pinastrina (Martyn)) Lepidoptera: Sphingidae B=x Y=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x

    Taro (Cyrtosperma), Cyrtosperma

  • orchid mealybug (Pseudococcus orchidicola Takahashi) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=x K=x M=C
  • mealybug (Pseudococcus macrocirculus Beardsley) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x
  • lilac mealybug (Planococcus lilacinus (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae M=G
  • <A HREF="i319.htm">taro leafhopper</A> (Tarophagus proserpina (Kirkaldy)) Homoptera: Delphacidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x

    Tomato, Lycopersicon esculentum

  • broad mite (Polyphagotarsonemus latus (Banks)) Acari: Tarsonemidae M=x
  • spider mite (Tetranychus tumidus ) Acari: Tetranychidae M=x
  • tobacco flea beetle (Epitrix hirtipennis (Melsheimer)) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=G
  • <A HREF="i126.htm">philippine lady beetle</A> (Epilachna vigintisexpunctata philippensis (Dieke)) Coleoptera: Coccinellidae Y=? K=x
  • melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae Coquillett) Diptera: Tephritidae M=x
  • vegetable leafminer (Liriomyza sativae Blanchard) Diptera: Agromyzidae M=G
  • serpentine leafminer (Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess)) Diptera: Agromyzidae Y=n P=n M=GS?
  • southern green stink bug (Nezara viridula (L.)) Hemiptera: Pentatomidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • tomato bug (Cyrtopeltis tenuis (Reuter)) Hemiptera: Miridae B=x T=x P=x M=x
  • leaf-footed plant bug (Leptoglossus australis (F.)) Hemiptera: Coreidae B=x P=x M=x
  • green leafhopper (Empoasca pitiensis Metcalf) Homoptera: Cicadellidae M=?
  • banana aphid (Pentalonia nigronervosa Coquerel) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=n M=x
  • mealybug (Phenacoccus madeirensis Green) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae T=n P=n M=G
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • egyptian fluted scale (Icerya aegyptiaca (Douglas)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • seychelles scale (Icerya seychellarum (Westwood)) Homoptera: Margarodidae B=? Y=x
  • sweetpotato whitefly (Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x P=? M=x
  • leafhopper (Nesophrosyne argentatus (Evans)) Homoptera: Cicadellidae B=x Y=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i139.htm">striped mealybug</A> (Ferrisia virgata (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • turnip aphid (Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach)) Homoptera: Aphididae M=x
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • <A HREF="i039.htm">cotton or melon aphid</A> (Aphis gossypii Glover) Homoptera: Aphididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • old world bollworm (Heliothis armigera (Hübner)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • green garden looper (Chrysodeixis chalcites (Esper)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x
  • corn earworm, tomato fruitworm (Heliothis zea (Boddie)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x? M=x?
  • <A HREF="i132.htm">fruit piercing moth</A> (Eudocima (Othreis) fullonia (Clerck)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n P=n K=n M=x
  • hibiscus caterpillar (Anomis flava (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=x M=x
  • onion thrips (Thrips tabaci Lindeman) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=x Y=x M=x

    Tropical almond, Terminalia

  • phytorus leaf beetle (Phytorus lineolatus Weise) Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae M=x
  • weevil (Trigonops vulgaris Zimmerman) Coleoptera: Curculionidae M=x
  • weevil (Trigonops sp. ) Coleoptera: Curculionidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • <A HREF="rosebeetle.pdf">chinese rose beetle</A> (Adoretus sinicus Burmeister) Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae B=x M=x
  • ochrosia fruit fly (Dacus ochrosiae Malloch) Diptera: Tephritidae M=x
  • kirkaldy whitefly (Dialeurodes kirkaldyi (Kotinsky)) Homoptera: Aleyrodidae B=x Y=x P=x M=x
  • lilac mealybug (Planococcus lilacinus (Cockerell)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae M=G
  • nigra scale (Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x K=x M=x
  • myrobalan butterfly (Badamia exclamationis F.) Lepidoptera: Hesperiidae B=n M=x
  • moth (Anua coronata (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=G
  • redbanded thrips (Selenothrips rubrocinctus (Giard)) Thysanoptera: Thripidae B=n Y=n T=n P=x? M=x

    Wing bean, Psophocarpus tetragonalubus

  • vegetable mite (Tetranychus neocaledonicus André) Acari: Tetranychidae M=G
  • <A HREF="i038.htm">cowpea aphid</A> (Aphis craccivora Koch) Homoptera: Aphididae Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x

    Yams, Dioscorea

  • spider mite (Tetranychus sp. ) Acari: Tetranychidae M=x
  • spider mite (Tetranychus sp. ) Acari: Tetranychidae M=C
  • citrus mealybug (Planococcus citri (Risso)) Homoptera: Pseudococcidae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • coconut scale (Aspidiotus destructor Signoret) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x M=x
  • nigra scale (Parasaissetia nigra (Nietner)) Homoptera: Coccidae B=x Y=x T=x K=x M=x
  • latania scale (Hemiberlesia lataniae (Signoret)) Homoptera: Diaspididae B=x Y=x T=x P=x K=x M=x
  • yam hawk moth (Theretra nessus (Drury)) Lepidoptera: Sphingidae B=x Y=x T=x
  • cucurbit leafroller (Diaphania indica (Saunders)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • green garden looper (Chrysodeixis chalcites (Esper)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=n M=x
  • cacao armyworm (Tiracola plagiata (Walker)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae M=x
  • melonworm (Diaphania hyalinata (L.)) Lepidoptera: Pyralidae B=x M=x
  • melia tortricid (Adoxophyes melia Clarke) Lepidoptera: Tortricidae M=x
  • <A HREF="i309.htm">rice cutworm</A> (Spodoptera litura (F.)) Lepidoptera: Noctuidae B=x Y=? T=x P=x K=? M=x

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